IslamiCity.com Apabila membincangkan sebarang aspek peradaban Islam, matlamat yang akhir dan dasar kreatifnya mestilah dilihat sebagai berlandaskan Al-Quran, kitab suci Islam. Budaya Islam sebenarnya “budaya Al-Quran” kerana takrif, struktur, matlamat dan kaedah untuk mencapai matlamat budaya Islam itu semuanya dihasilkan daripada seni penurunan wahyu daripada Allah kepada Nabi Muhammad S.A.W. dalam abad ketujuh Masihi. Orang Islam tidaklah sekadar mendapatkan pengetahuan tentang kebenaran hakiki daripada Al-Quran. Perkara yang juga begitu mendesak dan memaksa adalah idea-idea Al-Quran tentang alam semula jadi, tentang manusia dan semua makhluk hidup yang lain, tentang pengetahuan, tentang institusi sosial, politik dan ekonomi yang diperlukan bagi mengendalikan masyarakat yang sihat. Pendeknya, semua ini meliputi setiap cabang pembelajaran dan aktiviti kehidupan manusia. Ini bermakna bahawa dalam Al-Quran yang terdiri daripada 114 surah, terdapat prinsip-prinsip asas bagi keseluruhan budaya dan peradaban. Tanpa wahyu tentang prinsip-prinsip asal itu, budaya tidak dapat dibangunkan. Tanpa wahyu itu juga, mungkin tidak akan ada agama Islam, negara Islam, falsafah Islam, undang-undang Islam, masyarakat Islam mahupun organisasi politik dan ekonomi Islam. Seni peradaban Islam perlu juga dilihat sebagai pernyataan estetik yang berasaskan Al-Quran. Aspek budaya Islam ini harus dilihat sebagai mempunyai sifat-sifat Al-Quran dari segi asas dan motivasi. Begitulah juga seni peradaban Islam haruslah dilihat sebagai ungkapan estetika yang sama bentuknya dalam pelaksanaannya. Sesungguhnya kesenian Islam adalah kesenian Al-Quran. al-Faruqi. (1992). Atlas Budaya Islam.
QuranExplorer.com

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Monday, 29 March 2010

ZUNAR: Tak adil UJANG tidak dibenar menggunakan nama beliau

Sejak meninggalkan Creative Enterprise, penerbit majalah Gila-Gila kira-kira 15 tahun lalu, saya dan Ujang tidak pernah bertemu sehinggalah di Pesta Buku di PWTC Ahad lepas (28 Mac 2010).

Selama tempoh itu, Ujang mengalami jatuh bangun dalam kerjayanya sebagai seorang katunis terkenal. Setelah keluar dari Gila-Gila, beliau menyertai MOY yang dimiliki oleh Md.Othman Yusof yang menerbitkan majalah kartun UJANG. Kemudian keluar dari syarikat itu setelah berselisih faham dengan Md.Othman.

Ketika Ujang bersama MOY, nama UJANG yang digunakan oleh syarikat itu di kepala majalahnya telah didaftarkan oleh MOY. Akibatnya, melalui tindakan mahkamah, setelah keluar dari MOY, Ujang tidak boleh lagi menggunakan nama "Ujang" dalam lukisan kartunnya--yang merupakan nama pena beliau sendiri!

Dalam pertemuan di PWTC itu antara lain saya bertanya mengenai isu tersebut. Beliau menceritakan bagaimana beliau menerima puluhan saman dan injuksi mahkamah dari Md.Othman menghalang beliau menggunakan nama itu.

Saya tidak mahu mengulas sebarang masalah beliau sama ada dengan Creative Enterprise atau MOY mengenai hak cipta kerana ia adalah masalah Ujang dengan syarikat-syarikat itu.

Sementara saya akur mengenai hakcipta yang didaftar oleh syarikat, tetapi adalah sesuatu ketidakadilan sekiranya seseorang katunis dilarang menggunakan 'nama pena' sendiri.

Ujang menggunakan nama pena tersebut sejak 20 tahun lalu, lama sebelum beliau menyertai MOY. Saya rasa Md.Othman (sekarang Adun Umno Kukup, Johor), disamping menjaga kepentingan syarikatnya, tidak berhak menghalang seseorang kartunis menggunakan nama pena dalam karya atau pernerbitan lain.

Ia bertentangan dengan prinsip akta hakcipta sejagat.

Kes Ujang dalam konteks ini adalah masalah bersama yang patut mendapat perhatian setiap kartunis. Saya menggesa persatuan kartunis seperti Pekartun dan Pekomik membuat pendirian yang jelas.

Saya juga menggesa Ujang tidak hanya bersifat defensif menepis saman dari Md.Othman, tetapi sudah sampai masanya beliau melancarkan tindakan mahkamah terhadap bekas majikannya itu untuk mendapatkan kembali hak nama pena beliau. Saya percaya beliau mempunyai kes yang kuat dari segi undang-undang.(HD)

Dr. Ali Shariati

Dr. Ali Shariati was born in Mazinan, a suburb of Mashhad, Iran. He completed his elementary and high school in Mashhad. In his years at the Teacher's Training College, he came into contact with youth who were from the lower economic strata of the society and tasted the poverty and hardship that existed.

At the age of eighteen, he started as a teacher and ever since had been a student as well as a teacher. After graduating from college in 1960, on a scholarship he pursued graduate studies in France. Dr. Shariati, an honor student, received his doctorate in sociology in 1964 from Sorbonne University.

When he returned to Iran he was arrested at the border and imprisoned on the pretext that he had participated in political activities while studying in France. Released in 1965, he began teaching again at Mashhad University. As a Muslim sociologist, he sought to explain the problems of Muslim societies in the light of Islamic principles-explaining them and discussing them with his students. Very soon he gained popularity with the students and different social classes in Iran. For this reason, the regime felt obliged to discontinue his courses at the university.

Then he was transferred to Teheran. There, Dr. Shariati continued his very active and brilliant career. His lectures at Houssein-e-Ershad Religious Institute attracted not only six thousand students who registered in his summer classes, but also many thousands of people from different backgrounds who were fascinated by his teachings.

The first edition of his book ran over sixty thousand copies which were quickly sold-out, despite the obstructive interference by the authorities in Iran. Faced with the outstanding success of Dr. Shariati's courses, the Iranian police surrounded Houssein-e-Ershad Institute, arrested many of his followers and thereby put an end to his activities. For the second time, he underwent an eighteen month prison term under extremely harsh conditions. Popular pressure and international protests obliged the Iranian regime to release Dr. Shariati on March 20, 1975. However, he remained under close surveillance by the security agents of Iran. This was no freedom at all since he could neither publish his thoughts nor contact his students. Under such stifling conditions according to the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), he realized that he should migrate out of the country. Successful in his attempt, he went to England but was martyred three weeks later on June 19, 1977 by the ubiquitous SAVAK.

Dr. Shariati studied and experienced many philosophical, theological and social schools of thought with an Islamic view. One could say that he was a Muslim Muhajir who rose from the depth of the ocean of eastern mysticism, ascended to the heights of the formidable mountains of western social sciences, yet was not overwhelmed, and he returned to our midst with all the jewels of this fantastic voyage.
He was neither a reactionary fanatic who opposed anything that was new without any knowledge nor was he of the so-called westernized intellectuals who imitated the west without independent judgment.

Knowledgeable about the conditions and forces of his time, he began his Islamic revival with enlightenment of the masses, particularly the youth. He believed that if these elements of the society had true faith, they would totally dedicate themselves and become active and Mujahid elements who would give every thing including their lives-for their ideals.

Dr. Shariati constantly fought to create humanitarian values in the young generation, a generation whose values have been defaced with the help of the most scientific and technical methods. He vigorously tried to re-introduce the Quran and Islamic history to the youth so that they may find their true selves in all their human dimensions and fight all the decadent societal forces.

Dr. Shariati wrote many books. In all his writings, he tried to present a clear and genuine picture of Islam. He strongly believed that if the intellectual and new generation realized the truth of this faith, attempts toward social change would be successful.

54 tolak 52, jawabnya berbaki 2 sahaja...

June 30, 2009 14:13 PM

Deregulation Of Investment Guidelines A Fair Policy For All, Says PM

KUALA LUMPUR, June 30 (Bernama) -- The comprehensive deregulation of investment guidelines announced today is a fair policy for all, including foreign investors, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said.

"It is a fair new policy guideline, which is designed to be a win-win situation for global investors and at the same time address the need for new effective instrument for Bumiputera participation," he said.

Hence, there would not be a "political backlash", said Najib, who is also finance minister, when asked if the new guidelines would have a political backlash at a press conference at Invest Malaysia 2009 here today.

"No one must feel marginalised, no ethnic group is marginalised and no ethnic group is disincentified. It is a tricky balancing act but doable," he said.

Among others, he announced that with immediate effect, the Foreign Investment Committee (FIC) guidelines covering the acquisition of equity stakes, mergers and takeovers would be repealed without any new guideline in place.

"The FIC will no longer process any share transactions nor impose equity conditions on them," he said.

Currently, he said, companies seeking listings were required to satisfy the public shareholding spread requirement of 25 percent based on Bursa Malaysia's listing rules and also the Bumiputera equity condition based on FIC guidelines.

Going forward, he said, the public spread requirement would remain and in addition, the Securities Commission would introduce a new guideline which would require companies seeking listing to offer 50 percent of the 25 percent public shareholding spread to Bumiputera investors.

"The Bumiputera equity condition therefore becomes subsumed within the public spread requirement.

"One of the pains of the FIC and the old model is that some people feel disincentivise in this country and it has been a complaint in the past by foreign investors. And now I hope they will talk about we being more friendly. Insya Allah," he said.

Asked if the new measures would eliminate the Ali Babas, he said: "I don't think you can eliminate sleeping partners overnight ... I mean in businesses. But, I think it will reduce very substantially.

"At least, we are helping those who are helping themselves," he said. Najib said in the past, Bumiputeras got the shares and straight away they would sell them.

"At the end of the day the sell-down is enormous. We did our research. Very little shares are still left. So, the old model is not sustainable," he said.

Of the RM54 billion in shares allocated, only RM2 billion worth of shares were left in the hands of Bumiputeras, he said.

He said the total Bumiputera equity was only 19.4 percent, far from the targeted 30 percent 19 years ago.
-- BERNAMA

Universiti diarah jana pendapatan sendiri

Mac 29, 10 5:18pm

Semua institusi pengajian tinggi (IPT) diminta menjana pendapatan mereka sendiri antara 15 hingga 20 peratus berdasarkan peruntukan yang diberikan oleh kerajaan setiap tahun.

Menteri Pengajian Tinggi, Datuk Seri Mohamed Khaled Nordin berkata, sektor pendidikan memerlukan biaya yang sangat besar secara berterusan sedangkan kerajaan tidak mungkin mampu menanggung keseluruhan kos secara total.

Beliau berkata, sesebuah IPT pada dasarnya mempunyai kemampuan untuk menjana pendapatan sendiri kerana mereka didukung oleh kelompok cendekiawan yang mampu merumus kaedah sesuai dalam menghasilkan pendapatan sendiri.

"Ada sebilangan universiti yang mampu menghasilkan sehingga 30 peratus pendapatan dari peruntukan yang diberikan oleh kerajaan, tetapi beberapa yang lain menghasilkan sekitar satu hingga 20 peratus sahaja.

"Kami belum tetapkan sebarang sasaran tetapi memang kementerian akan memberi penekanan khusus dalam aspek ini apatah lagi apabila selepas kerajaan berikan mereka autonomi,” katanya kepada pemberita dalam satu persidangan akhbar selepas melancarkan Taman Sains Putra di sini hari ini.

Mohamed Khaled berkata, matlamat itu boleh dicapai menerusi penghasilan produk-produk dan penemuan terbaru yang diperolehi dari pengkomersialan kaedah pembangunan dan penyelidikan (R&D).
- Bernama

Friday, 12 March 2010

Mahasiswa boleh kritik kerajaan - Saifuddin

Hazayani Zakaria (HD)
KUALA LUMPUR, 12 Mac: Timbalan Menteri Pengajian Tinggi, Datuk Saifuddin Abdullah mengingatkan mahasiswa di Institusi Pengajian Tinggi (IPT) agar sentiasa memperbetul setiap perkara yang dilihat salah bukan sahaja di universiti malah dalam pentadbiran negara.

Bercakap dalam satu forum anjuran Persatuan Kebangsaan Pelajar Islam Malaysia (PKPIM) di Fakulti Sastera Sains Sosial Universiti Malaya malam tadi, Saifuddin berkata, ianya memerlukan keberanian dalam diri setiap mahasiswa dan mereka harus bertindak secara berjemaah.

Mahasiswa juga tegasnya boleh melontarkan kritikan kepada kerajaan dan kerajaan pula tidak seharusnya melabelkan pengkritik sebagai pembangkang.

"Mahasiswa boleh mengkritik Kerajaan, dan Kerajaan tidak boleh cop pengkritik sebagai pembangkang," katanya di hadapan lebih 150 mahasiswa yang hadir.

Menyentuh mengenai sudut pidato yang dihidupkan semula di IPT selepas 20 tahun ianya dihentikan, Saifuddin berkata, sudut pidato merupakan satu platform yang sesuai untuk mahasiswa melontarkan idea mereka melalui pengucapan awam.

Bagaimanapun, beliau yang mengakui mahasiswa mempunyai potensi untuk menggugat pentadbiran universiti mahu Hal Ehwal Pelajar (HEP) agar meletakkan halatuju yang betul dan memahami matlamat sudut pidato dihidupkan semula.

Sehubungan itu, beliau meminta pihak universiti tidak mengenakan terlalu banyak peraturan terhadap penuntut yang ingin membuat pengucapan awam di sudut pidato sebaliknya memberikan kebebasan kepada mahasiswa untuk mengendalikannya.

"Apa maksud mahasiswa menggugat? Mengugat apa? Menteri? Organisasi, HEP, atau KPT?Amalan buruk, rasuah, kebejatan, kebobrokan?

"Melalui sudut pidato. mahasiswa ada potensi menggugat. Sebab itu HEP perlu ada halatuju yang betul dan faham matlamat sudut pidato. Tak perlu banyak undang-undang dan arahan dalam sudut pidato. Biarkan mahasiswa bebas mengendalikan sudut pidato.

"Mahasiswa boleh berfikir dan menentukan halatuju kampus sendiri," katanya.

Sudut pidato kembali diwujudkan di UM selepas lebih 20 tahun ia diharamkan apabila Akta kolej dan Universiti (AUKU) diperkenalkan.

Dua lagi panelis forum 'Mahasiswa Menggugat: Antara Realiti dan Fantasi' itu, Dekan Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial UM, Prof. Dr. Redzuan Osman dan bekas bekan fakulti berkenaan, Prof. Datuk Paduka Mohamad Abu Bakar yang juga penulis buku 'Mahasiswa Menggugat'.